Post 2015 Development Agenda- Challenges

One of the two  Key note presenters- Celine Paramunda,  at CSW 58

 a parallel  event by the Intentional Council of women


2 scenarios, 1. I met  Lakshmi   in Chennai, who lost their  land  to Hundai  car manufacturing  company  under the promise of getting a job  2.  Rani is a widow in AP S.India struggles to raise her 3 kids ever since she lost her husband- he is one among the 270 000 farmers who  committed suicide as they were  pushed in to  debt trap by GMO- seed company . There are 100s and thousands of stories like this. As we move from MDGs to SDGs the question is: What does development mean for these people?

“   the current framework do not address several structural issues. We cannot expect to make progress unless we address these underpinning barriers to gender equality, women’s empowerment and women’s rights”    Lakshmi Puri –   ASG UN women

    What is wrong with the current Development Model?

Dr. Vandana Shiva highlights 4 points

1.  The GDP based Economic growth begins with violence against women by discounting their unpaid care work as contribution to the economy. There are two vital economies which are necessary for ecological and human survival – sustenance economy & the Natures economy.  In these, the economic value is a measure of how the human life and earth’s life are protected.  Its currency is life-giving processes, not cash or market price. This is ignored by GDP based economy.

2. A model of capitalist patriarchy deepens the violence by displacing women from their livelihoods and alienating them from the natural resources on which their livelihoods depend—their land, their forests, their water, and their seeds and biodiversity. An  Economy  based on the idea of limitless growth in a limited world, can only be maintained by the powerful grabbing the resources of the vulnerable.  The resource grab creates a culture of rape—the rape of the earth, of local self-reliant economies, and of women- Vandana repeatedly stressed that the rape of the Earth and rape of women are intimately linked.

3. An economic model shaped by the politics of a particular gender and class. A nexus of economic and political power stifles democracy, increase poverty and deepen of inequalities and a growing separation of the political class from the will of the people they are supposed to represent. FB: put the politicians on minimum wage then things will change!

4. The economic model by the capitalist patriarchy causes commodification of everything.  An economics unleashed by economic liberalization and  deregulation, with  privatization and commodification of seed and food, land and water, women and children—degrades social values, and intensifies violence against women. In a culture of commodification, everything has a price, but nothing has value. Eg. Human trafficking -,32 billion $ business today.-80% of the trafficked are women and Girls

Eg: impact of extractives on women, Indigenous community and on the environment .

  Sign of Hope

There’s a growing body of evidence about the contribution that gender equality and women’s rights  in achieving the broader development goals.  Investing in Girls and women especially in education and health  is smart economics  toward sustainable development.

    What is  Post 2015 development  framework ?

2 processes  –  one set of goals

Process  1. The outcome document of the 2010 MDG Summit requested the Secretary-General to initiate thinking on the global development agenda beyond 2015 . SG mandated a  High level panel of  27 Eminent persons  on  the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

Process II. In 2012-  Rio+ 20  – the 20th Anniversary of the first earth summit , The Future we want – 3 main out comes

1. Inter-governmental committee – Open working Group to formulate the Sustainable Development Goals  (SDGs)– 70 regional Rep 30 seats with        2 co-chairs .

  Challenges – SDGs  should be a balanced integration of 3 dimensions of Development  – Social, Economic & Environmental

    fully respecting all the Rio Principles  from the Earth summit in 1992.

    Build on the pre-agreed commitments -Eg : Rio, Monterrey, WSSocial development

    Include all stakeholders’ participation-  CSo participation  through  MGs- steering committee.

  Besides it should be  :    Action oriented, concise, easy to communicate,                 limited in number

Aspirational,  Global in nature and universally applicable- respecting national priorities and  policies.

2. outcome of Rio + 20 – Intergovernmental committee of Experts on SD Financing to deal with the MOI- 30 experts nominated by regional groups, with equitable geographical representation. Amba:  Finland and Nigeria are the co-chairs.

3 High-level political Forum:  to replace the CSD – renewed political commitment to SD and that the forum would attract and engage the interest of world leaders in keeping SD development high on their national agenda. HLPF will convene Heads of State and Government every four years, under GA and meet annually for three days at the ministerial level, under ECOSOC. first meeting on 24 Sept 2013

UN system task Team – 40 UN entities for Technical support 

In order to coordinate the different work streams, A One Secretariat was established with 4 Assistant Secretaries-General an ASG from DESA, UNDP, UN Women & the Special Advisor on Post-2015 Dept Planning.

     Where are we now with the post 2015 processes?

 Phase 1: stock taking – 8 OWG sessions of consultations + 1 hour morning session with Civil society

  • 29 UN system issue briefs,   27 Statistic Analysis
  • 100+ statements ,     200+ side events

The Co-chairs of the OWG has submitted a summary report and  come out with 19 focal areas, which will become the basis for the Member States to move in to identifying SDGs and accompanying targets and indicators.

 19 Focal areas : Poverty eradication , Food security and nutrition , Health and population dynamics,  Education, Gender Equality and women’s empowerment , Water and sanitation ,Energy, Economic Growth , Industrialization , Infrastructure ,Employment and decent work for all , Promoting Equality Sustainable Cities and Settlements,  Sustainable Consumption and Production , Climate , Marine Resources, oceans and seas , Ecosystems and biodiversity, Means of Implementation, Peaceful and non-violent societies, capable institutions

During the post 2015 process , Gender equality and Women’s empowerment has got  some attention, 48 countries gave a joined statement emphasizing the need for it, but not yet in the main stream.

Phase II: Consultation to action- identifying goals and targets on the FA, 2nd round of OWG

ICESDF : Works in  3 clusters and will submit a   Report by August2014. 

  What do WE want to see in the post 2015 frame work?

A Bold vision for a paradigm shift! Business as usual will not work.

 A radical change in the global political and economic system through a transformative and redistributive framework that aims at- reducing inequality of wealth ,power and resources between countries, between rich and poor between Men and women.

Guiding principle- human right and Equity, built on the Common but Differentiated Responsibilities of the ‘historical debt’ which a minority owes to the majority.

 What we do not want is :  a development that masks injustices done to women and the vulnerable population, particularly in the global south.

  The current challenges of Poverty, Climate Change and growing inequality are symptoms of a sick society, Driven by an unsustainable consumption & life style  by a tiny population mostly  in the Global North at the expense of  majority who struggle to sustain lives.

Unless we address the root causes / the structures and policies that deprive people of the necessary resources, capabilities, choices, security, and power to enjoy their human rights, Development cannot be Sustainable.  

    1. Rio+20 reaffirmed that Poverty eradication must be at the heart of SDGs. An OXFAM study – wealth of the richest 85 people = the wealth of the bottom 3.5 Billion! How can we eradicate poverty when 80 % of the global wealth is with 20% people?  How can we ensure participation and democracy in the global institutions like IMF & WB and WTrade Organizations, whose policies and decisions affect the most vulnerable people in the world? Eg:  subsidy for fossil fuel & Agribusiness but cut subsidies to small farmers!  Where is Justice?

Reform of  IFIs, just Trade policies, progressive taxation, closing the loop holes of tax evasion, illicit money flow,($ 500-800 million) all  these need to be tackled  along with  universal Social Protection  to those in the margins  to achieve  irreversible poverty eradication.  A recent IMF study – reducing inequality is good for economic growth.

2. The SDGS and the post 2015 agenda should be People centered– giving priority to human security and freedom from violence. Eg: if we do not end violence and fear of violence against women &girls, Gender equality, women’s empowerment, are simply not possible. The governments must be the primary duty bearer for the wellbeing of its citizens. Public goods and services should not be privatized in the name of partnerships for development.  Need Strong accountability mechanism for all actors- government, private business, multilateral institutions- whose actions directly impact on development and human rights.

3. Gender equality should be a crosscutting issue in all goals and targets.  It should expand women’s capabilities by education and access to and control over resources, including equal participation in the decision-making process, in all sectors – public, private, and household.

4 SDGs should be built on the agreed commitments – the Universal Human rights, CEDAW, Beijing, Convention on the Rights of Children, people with Disabilities, the indigenous people, Rio,Monterrey etc  There should be targets with indicators which can be measured.                                                                                                                                                                                              5. 5.  Protection of Nature: human rights and rights of nature are interdependent. Unless we have a healthy environment we cannot have healthy people.  Destroying the earth is destroying our own selves. We need to learn from the wisdom of the Indigenous communities, who preserved the earth system for centuries.

The way forward:   What we are facing is not only an economic crisis, an environmental crisis,  a social crisis, but the consequence of   greed  by  the corporations against people and planet with the support of the militarized states.  The world is in urgent need of an alternate system.  The Rights of Mother Earth calls for building a new way of relating with nature. The earth and humans need each other to flourish and promote life.          The bottom line is :  sacredness and connectedness !

Alternatives emerge in the struggles of social movements, women’s movements, in their concrete experiences and initiatives, as we see in the protest all around the world. We need to hold our politicians accountable, and as responsible citizens follow sustainable consumption and life style.

Let us continue our struggles in solidarity, for a life of dignity, not only for women but for all.

We have no Planet B, and our equation is: “Care for women + Care of the earth = Care for the world.

                            Thank you!


Celine Paramunda                                      14th   March 2014Copy of DSCN2523




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