Respect for all human rights…
For climate policies that incorporate gender equality
French women’s and feminist associations have joined forces in the Gender and Climate Justice group to participate in citizen mobilization and contribute to political advocacy before, during and after the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 21, 30 November – 11 December 2015, Paris). They are signatories to a position paper whose main recommendations follow :
Gender equality, women’s empowerment, and combating gender-based violence constitute a cross-cutting challenge to the achievement of sustainable human development.
Representing 70% of the world’s poor, overburdened with domestic work and having limited access to resources, land, credit, etc., women are particularly affected by the consequences of climate change. Flooding, desertification and biodiversity loss all exacerbate gender violence and the plight of refugees.
In all countries women and women’s organisations play an important role, which has been recognised by the work programme on gender initiated at COP 20 in 2014.
At COP 21 in Paris, an approach to gender and women’s rights (civil, political, economic, social, cultural, sexual and reproductive) must be incorporated throughout the final text – not only in the general principles, but in provisions concerning the implementation of policies and financial and technological mechanisms.
Gender and Climate Justice group supports organisations that demand :
Placing respect for all human rights at the centre of the climate agreement, including the right to a healthy environment, food and food sovereignty, and sexual and reproductive rights.
Breaking with neo-liberal approaches and the belief that financial markets and institutions will solve the problems that they have created.
Integrating agro-ecology and soil conservation in climate negotiations.
Applying the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, via transfer payments to finance the mitigation of climate change and adaptation – a priority for poor countries, which are the most affected by the problem but least responsible for it.
Redirecting subsidies and partnerships with polluting industries (fossil fuels, nuclear, arms etc.) toward sustainable practices (renewable energies, relocating production and consumption).
The associations in the French Gender and Climate Justice group call for :
Reinforcing women’s participation and a focus on gender equality !
Ensuring decision-making parity in all processes involved in climate-related negotiations and mechanisms.
Enshrining the principles of women’s rights and equality in all climate-related texts and mechanisms : mitigation (reducing greenhouse gas emissions), adaptation to the effects of climate change, loss and damage, technologies etc.
Integrating perspectives on gender and gender-sensitive budgeting in climate mechanisms and all strategies relating to climate and energy, sustainable development and Agenda 21.
Implementing documented impact assessments of public and private women’s rights initiatives (e.g. “Climate-Smart Agriculture”, “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)” and “REDD+”).
Making the connection between gender, climate, economics and natural resources !
Ensuring coherence between commitments on climate and those of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development, and the United Nations resolutions on women, peace and security.
Recognising that women, through their unpaid domestic work, subsidise the economy. Equal sharing of this work between men and women must be promoted and relevant public services must be funded.
Prioritising women’s access to and control of land, property, shared assets, credit and technical support ; respecting the rights of indigenous communities.
Protecting and supporting migrants and refugees, ensuring their fundamental rights.
Promoting the local economy, collective management of resources, waste, recycling – often carried out by local women’s organisations.
Funding gender equality and the gender approach !
In the context of the UNFCCC Green Climate Fund and Adaptation Fund, allocating a percentage of resources to women’s organisations committed to environmental protection and sustainable economic activities, as well as to displaced persons and refugees from climate-related situations.
Allocating resources to gather and make use of women’s knowledge, expertise and local practices, and to encourage the transfer of skills.
Patterns of production and consumption that incorporate gender !
Strengthening the guidance and training of women and girls in, and their access to, scientific and technical disciplines, jobs created by energy transition, and biodiversity conservation and agro-ecology activities.
Supporting women’s activities in economic and social sectors that contribute to transitioning modes of production and consumption and to environmental resilience : solidarity economics, urban and rural services etc.
Combating sexist stereotypes in consumer-related communication, advertising, and education.